The Human Brain Book

The Human Brain Book: An Illustrated Guide to Its Structure, Function, and Disorders
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https://pirthersformpofi.gq/phantastic-fiction-a-shamanic-approach.php But this recognition goes far beyond psychiatry.

How the Brain Works Part 1 (UCLA)

The writer says empathy is one of the most valuable resources in our world. So if we think about conflicts, it could be a conflict between two people, like two neighbors. It could be a conflict between two nations. For example, nations that go to war.

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He says it is important to recognize the value of empathy in areas like politics, education and law, as well as psychiatry. But at the same time, he shows how a normal, healthy brain is also built with weaknesses and limitations. Human brains developed over hundreds of thousands of years to be skilled at finding food, shelter and protection from threats. Yet evolution did not fully prepare the brain for the many demands of the modern world.

So, our brains are very good at doing some things. But our brains sometimes fail us when we attempt to remember long lists of information, or compute large numbers in our head. Our brains are also not always very good at making long-term decisions. Sometimes these mistakes can have serious effects, like a victim who wrongly identifies her attacker to police. At other times, the mistakes are harmless. For example, one study found that most people choose to receive one hundred dollars immediately over receiving one hundred twenty dollars in a month.

The Must-Read Brain Books Of 2018, Part 1

While waiting could lead to more money, most people would want the payment now. Dean Buonomano says that, for human ancestors, the immediate need for food was more important than the future need. So, our brains often want an immediate action instead of having to wait for a reward. Professor Buonomano explains the causes of many kinds of brain bugs and gives examples of their everyday results. And, he offers ideas for how understanding our brain bugs can become a tool for improving our mental powers.

John Medina. A Bradford Book.

Leaders in cognitive psychology, comparative biology, and neuroscience discuss patterns of convergence and divergence seen in studies of human and nonhuman primate brains. The extraordinary overlap between human and chimpanzee genomes does not result in an equal overlap between human and chimpanzee thoughts, sensations, perceptions, and emotions; there are considerable similarities but also considerable differences between human and nonhuman primate brains.

From Monkey Brain to Human Brain uses the latest findings in cognitive psychology, comparative biology, and neuroscience to look at the complex patterns of convergence and divergence in primate cortical organization and function. Several chapters examine the use of modern technologies to study primate brains, analyzing the potentials and the limitations of neuroimaging as well as genetic and computational approaches.

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These methods, which can be applied identically across different species of primates, help to highlight the paradox of nonlinear primate evolution—the fact that major changes in brain size and functional complexity resulted from small changes in the genome. Other chapters identify plausible analogs or homologs in nonhuman primates for such human cognitive functions as arithmetic, reading, theory of mind, and altruism; examine the role of parietofrontal circuits in the production and comprehension of actions; analyze the contributions of the prefrontal and cingulate cortices to cognitive control; and explore to what extent visual recognition and visual attention are related in humans and other primates.

The Fyssen Foundation is dedicated to encouraging scientific inquiry into the cognitive mechanisms that underlie animal and human behavior and has long sponsored symposia on topics of central importance to the cognitive sciences. This amazing volume modernizes Darwin by showing how closely the human and monkey brain are linked in morphology and genetics. People want to hang on to it, I think because they feel it makes us humans "special" - a sort of conceit. But l think it is good for us to recognize that we are just like any other creature or, indeed, any other object We can't decide what we do any more than a raindrop can decide to fall upwards- what seems to be a decision to act is really just a sort of "advance warning" of what we are about to do anyway..

The implications of this realization can't be over-stated. For a start we will have completely rethink our ideas about criminal justice: how can you punish people for actions over which they no control? We will have to develop more kindly ways of maintaining social control. The freewill issue is already impacting on the way law is practiced and in the next few years I think it will start to affect every area of public and private life, from the way we bring up our children to the way we deal with global issues.

It's not just a scientific revolution, but a cultural one. Can brain imaging really spot a potential terrorist? If so, how? How reliable are brain scans for detecting potential behaviors? Brain imaging can reveal things like deceit, aggression, hatred, intention and fear - that is, brain states that a potential terrorist is likely to have at some stage. But of course, this isn't the same as spotting a terrorist, so the technology would always have to be used with great discretion.

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I do think it will prove useful though, in detection work. And that's a lot better than your average jury member! How are chemicals in the brain linked to obesity, eating disorders and addictive behaviors like gambling, drinking and smoking?

Every compulsion - over-eating, uncontrolled gambling, excessive drinking - is underpinned by brain activity which is modulated by chemicals. So if you can control those chemicals you can control the behavior- even it was originally brought about by something that happened in the person's childhood, or some stressful event in their present life.

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People often argue that its best to treat the "root" cause, rather than trying some quick pharmaceutical fix, but I believe that if you first tackle the immediate, chemical cause of harmful behavior you can then deal more effectively with the deeper causes. In many cases the chemistry IS the problem: in most people, for example, brain chemistry constantly urges them to eat more than they need. Once that was very useful for survival because, in a world where food was scarce it pushed people to find enough.

The Human Brain Book

Now it pushes us to empty the food cupboard. If we want to solve the obesity crisis before we eat ourselves to death I think a chemical "fix" for the obesity crisis would be a great- and perhaps the only -solution. Can you explain what the "Haunted Brain" is? I use this phrase to mean our brain's natural inclination towards magic, superstition, and fantasy.